April 29, 2015
To all those working with wild birds etc.,
From: Al Dam, Provincial Poultry Specialist with the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs. (OMAFRA).
I have been working with Dale Smith at the University of Guelph dealing with the H5N2 Avian Influenza situation in Ontario. She has helped with the creation of these two Wild Bird Advisories from OMAFRA for your groups. There are two, targeted to people that have interactions with wild birds. One is general and the other is targeted to those that work with wild birds and commercial poultry operations.
Please distribute as appropriate and if you have any questions, feel free to contact myself or Dale.
(See the two links below to download the PDF AI protocols)
Provincial Poultry Specialist
Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs
Room 4841, Department of Pathobiology
Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph
Guelph, Ontario Canada N1G 2W1
Office: 519-824-4120 x54326
Bringing the Resources of the World to Rural Ontario
Enhanced Avian Influenza Biosecurity Advisory for People Working With Wild Birds, Wild Bird Habitats and Domestic Poultry
General Avian Influenza Biosecurity Advisory for People Working with Wild birds and Wild Bird Habitat
October 1, 2013
DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT PDF - CLICK HERE
Copyright © 2013 by the author(s). Published here under license by The Resilience Alliance.
The following is the established format for referencing this article:
Calvert, A. M., C. A. Bishop, R. D. Elliot, E. A. Krebs, T. M. Kydd, C. S. Machtans, and G. J. Robertson. 2013. A synthesis of human-related avian mortality in Canada . Avian Conservation and Ecology XX(YY): ZZ.
[online] URL: http://www.aceeco.org/volXX/issYY/artZZ/
Research Paper, part of a special feature on Quantifying Human-related Mortality of Birds in
A Synthesis of Human-related Avian Mortality in Canada
Anna M. Calvert, Christine A. Bishop 1, Richard D. Elliot 1, Elizabeth A. Krebs 1, Tyler M. Kydd
2, Craig S. Machtans 2 and Gregory J. Robertson 1
1 Environment Canada, Wildlife Research Division, Wildlife and Landscape Science Directorate,
2 Environment Canada, Canadian Wildlife Service
Many human activities in Canada kill wild birds, yet the relative magnitude of mortality from different
sources and the consequent effects on bird populations have not been systematically evaluated. We
synthesize recent estimates of avian mortality in Canada from a range of industrial and other human
activities, to provide context for the estimates from individual sources presented in this special feature.
We assessed the geographic, seasonal, and taxonomic variation in the magnitude of national-scale
mortality and in population-level effects on species or groups across Canada, by combining these
estimates into a stochastic model of stage-specific mortality. The range of estimates of avian mortality
from each source covers several orders of magnitude, and, numerically, landbirds were the most affected
group. In total, we estimate that approximately 269 million birds and 2 million nests are destroyed
annually in Canada, the equivalent of over 186 million breeding individuals. Combined, cat predation and
collisions with windows, vehicles, and transmission lines caused > 95% of all mortality; the highest
industrial causes of mortality were the electrical power and agriculture sectors. Other mortality sources
such as fisheries bycatch can have important local or species-specific impacts, but are relatively small at a
national scale. Mortality rates differed across species and families within major bird groups, highlighting
that mortality is not simply proportional to abundance. We also found that mortality is not evenly spread
across the country; the largest mortality sources are coincident with human population distribution, while
industrial sources are concentrated in southern Ontario, Alberta, and southwestern British Columbia.
Many species are therefore likely to be vulnerable to cumulative effects of multiple human-related
impacts. This assessment also confirms the high uncertainty in estimating human-related avian mortality
in terms of species involved, potential for population-level effects, and the cumulative effects of mortality
across the landscape. Effort is still required to improve these estimates, and to guide conservation efforts
to minimize direct mortality caused by human activities on Canada’s wild bird populations. As avian
mortality represents only a portion of the overall impact to avifauna, indirect effects such as habitat
fragmentation and alteration, site avoidance, disturbance, and related issues must also be carefully
Key words: bird mortality; cats; collisions; human impacts; incidental take; industry; population effects
January 27, 2011
Solving URBAN COYOTE Conflicts
Gates Wildlife Control is currently undertaking the following community organized approach to discourage coyotes from roaming within a neighbourhood. Since its introduction two and a half weeks ago, coyote sightings have gone from a daily occurrence to only two within the last week. Pictures, taken by a resident, are available.
For more information call Brad Gates at 416.750.9453
Solving URBAN COYOTE Conflicts
A Community Organized Wildlife Management Approach
Coyotes are becoming more frequent visitors to neighbourhoods in Southern Ontario, whereas in the past they preferred rural environments. They have migrated into our cities to live off “human provided” food sources and over time have learned to be less fearful of people. To reverse this trend and force the coyote to retreat to its more natural habitat, removing all potential food sources is the number one priority.
Most coyote sightings occur during winter months as these relatively shy animals can roam within residential areas without being confronted by people. This is why most coyote reports and conflicts occur from December through March. Once the milder spring weather settles in and we spend more time outside, most coyotes will then return to forested areas to avoid human contact. However, if the draw to food is irresistible, it could become an unwanted year-round neighbour.
There is public concern that coyotes may approach young children or pets. While it is unlikely that a coyote would be attracted to children, caution should be exercised just the same. As to pets, the coyote could view cats and small dogs as a food source. Large dogs may be seen as competition for food and the coyote may advance aggressively towards them. Therefore, it is always a good idea to keep an eye on your pet while it is outside.
Listed below are some proactive steps that can be easily implemented:
If every member of the community is committed to follow these steps then a noticeable reduction in conflicts from all wildlife species will result.
(reprinted with permission.)
May 26, 2009
I am writing to let you know about a possible Ontario case of white nose syndrome, a condition linked to bat mortality in the northeastern United States.
As a result of the spread of this syndrome in the U.S., the Ministry of Natural Resources has been monitoring bat habitats. We have identified bats that appear to show symptoms in a cave in eastern Ontario. Laboratory testing is now underway to identify whether this condition is present.
The Ministry of Natural Resources is concerned due to the significant mortality being observed in the United States’ bat populations. Bats, like all species, are an important part of Ontario’s biodiversity.
As a precaution before testing is completed, we are notifying individuals who are likely to enter caves or come into contact with bats over the next few weeks.
There is no known human health risk associated with white nose syndrome in bats. The syndrome has been circulating through caves in the northeastern U.S. for more than two years. Thousands of people have visited some of these caves and no illnesses have been reported.
Due to the potential impact on bat populations, we are asking the public to refrain from entering all non-commercial caves and abandoned mines where bats may be present to prevent possible transmission of the condition to other locations.
We encourage wildlife rehabilitators to report unusual bat mortality to your local Ministry of Natural Resources office or the Canadian Cooperative Wildlife Health Centre at 1-866-673-4781.
Wildlife Rehabilitators are valuable sources of information on the health of wildlife. The Ministry has developed a series of specific precautionary measures for rehabilitators to implement in order to help minimize the spread. Those suggested measures are enclosed with this letter.
For more information about White Nose Syndrome, please read the enclosed fact sheet. [see below]
We will notify you of the results of the testing once they are available. If you have any questions or concerns in the meantime, please contact your local Ministry of Natural Resources office.
Manager Wildlife Section
Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources
The following considerations are for wildlife rehabilitators prior to transportation of live bats:
TO DOWNLOAD A PDF FILE FACT SHEET
ON WHITE NOSE SYNDROME IN BATS
FROM THE MNR
PLEASE CLICK HERE
(page will open in a new window)